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Glaucoma Risk Factors

Anyone may develop glaucoma, and sometimes babies are born with this unfortunate disease.  However, some groups are at higher risk than others. If you fall into one of these higher risk categories, Coastal Vision recommends that you see one of our glaucoma specialists for regular screenings.

Age

It has been estimated that up to 15% of people over the age of 70 will develop glaucoma.  While this is an important statistic, it is more important to have an eye evaluation much sooner so glaucoma may be detected at an earlier age.


Race

African American

Some studies have shown that African Americans are up to eight times more likely to develop glaucoma than those in the general population.  In fact, some studies state that glaucoma may be the leading cause of blindness in the African American population.

Hispanic

It has been found that those of Hispanic descent are at higher risk for developing open angle glaucoma.

Asian

Those of Asian descent are at a much higher risk of developing angle closure glaucoma.


Family History

If you have a parent with glaucoma, your risk of developing glaucoma is two times that of the general population, but if you have a sibling with glaucoma, your risk increases to eight times.


Other Risk Factors

  • High Myopia (Nearsightedness)
  • Eye Trauma
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Steroid Use
  • Sleep Apnea